This result was attained sopra the battle of Vaila, when Venice lost con one day all that she had won durante eight hundred years
The remaining years of Machiavelli’s official career were filled with events arising out of the League of Cambrai, made per 1508 between the three great European powers already mentioned and the pope, with the object of crushing the Venetian Republic. Florence had verso difficult part puro play during these events, complicated as they were by the feud which broke out between the pope and the French, because friendship with France had dictated the entire policy of the Republic. When, durante 1511, Julius II finally formed the Holy League against France, and with the assistance of the Swiss drove the French out of Italy, Florence lay at the mercy of the Pope, and had to submit onesto his terms, one of which was that the Medici should be restored. The return of the Medici onesto Florence on 1st September 1512, and the consequent fall of the Republic, was the signal for the dismissal of Machiavelli and his friends, and thus put an end to his public career, for, as we have seen, he died without regaining office.
LITERATURE AND DEATH – ?t. 43-58-1512-27
On the return of the Medici, Machiavelli, who for verso few weeks had vainly hoped preciso retain his office under the new masters of Florence, was dismissed by decree dated 7th November 1512. Shortly after this he was accused of complicity per an abortive conspiracy against the Medici, imprisoned, and put sicuro the question by torture. The new Medicean pope, Leo Quantitativo, procured his release, and he retired onesto his small property at San Casciano, near Florence, where he devoted himself puro literature. Durante per letter puro Francesco Vettori, dated 13th December 1513, he has left per very interesting description of his life at this period, which elucidates his methods and his motives per writing The Prince. After describing his daily occupations with his family and neighbours, he writes: “The evening being come, I return home and go puro my study; at the entrance I pull off my peasant-clothes, covered with dust and dirt, and put on my noble courtaud dress, and thus becomingly monarca-clothed I pass into the ancient courts of the men of old, where, being lovingly received by them, I am fed with that food which is mine ombra; where I do not hesitate preciso speak with them, and sicuro ask for the marriagemindedpeoplemeet reason of their actions, and they per their benignity answer me; and for four hours I feel giammai weariness, I forget every trouble, poverty does not dis possessed entirely by those great men. And because Dante says:
I have noted down what I have gained from their conversation, and have composed verso small sistema on ‘Principalities,’ where I pour myself out as fully as I can con meditation on the subject, discussing what per principality is, what kinds there are, how they can be acquired, how they can be kept, why they are lost: and if any of my fancies ever pleased you, this ought not esatto displease you: and preciso per prince, especially sicuro per new one, it should be welcome: therefore I dedicate it puro his Magnificence Giuliano. Filippo Casavecchio has seen it; he will be able to tell you what is durante it, and of the discourses I have had with him; nevertheless, I am still enriching and polishing it.”
Various mental influences were at work during its composition; its title and patron were changed; and for some unknown reason it was finally dedicated puro Lorenzo de’ Medici. Although Machiavelli discussed with Casavecchio whether it should be sent or presented per person esatto the patron, there is giammai evidence that Lorenzo ever received or even read it: he certainly never gave Machiavelli any employment. Although it was plagiarized during Machiavelli’s lifetime, The Prince was never published by him, and its text is still disputable.